MCSCS Estimates Briefing Book 2017-18
Estimates Briefing Book 2017-18: Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services
The Ontario Government is committed to making Ontarians safer in our communities by being responsive to crime through effective prevention and providing evidence-based correctional services and enforcement.
The mandate of the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services (MCSCS, the ministry) is to ensure that all of Ontario’s diverse communities are safe, supported and protected by law enforcement and public safety systems are safe, secure, effective, efficient and accountable.
The ministry has a wide range of responsibilities, which include:
- Policing Services: the ministry is dedicated to ensuring the safety and security of the public through effective crime prevention, police oversight services and establishing policing standards to make our communities safe.
- Correctional Services: the ministry is committed to enhancing community safety by providing care, custody and control of offenders. This is accomplished through the effective supervision of clients incarcerated, remanded or serving sentences of less than two years and those serving sentences in the community on Ontario parole, conditional sentence or probation. It is also responsible for providing rehabilitative treatment and responsive services designed to create an environment in which clients may achieve changes in attitude and behaviour that provide opportunities for successful reintegration into the community to be productive members of society.
- Public Safety: the ministry contributes to public safety programs and the effective administration of justice through the administration of community safety and well-being initiatives, the provision of emergency communication services, forensic services, death investigations, coroners’ reviews and inquests, forensic pathology services, fire safety and prevention, fire code development and enforcement, public education, applied research, advice and assistance including fire investigation/prevention and support of municipal fire services. It is also responsible for legislation governing private security and animal welfare.
- Public Safety Training: the ministry contributes to public safety training through the operation of Ontario’s Police College, Fire College and Correctional Services College. The colleges ensure the delivery of training and training-related support for Ontario’s police officers, correctional officers and probation and parole officers, and municipal fire safety personnel.
- Emergency Management: on behalf of the government, the ministry provides leadership, support and coordination of emergency programs in the province at municipal, ministry and government-wide levels. It maintains the Provincial Emergency Operations Centre to ensure 24/7 situational awareness and support for actual or potential incidents impacting Ontario and provides over-arching emergency management and business continuity plans to inform more specialized plans by Order-in-Council ministries. It works with other jurisdictions in Canada and in contiguous states to support broader emergency management activities.
- Inter-ministerial Liaison: the ministry is committed to working with its Justice Sector partners (Ministry of the Attorney General and Ministry of Children and Youth Services) to transform the way justice works for the people of Ontario by building a more responsive and efficient justice system.
Every family deserves to feel safe and secure in their home and on the streets of their community. The Ontario Government’s approach to enhancing community safety and well-being is to focus on collaborative, preventative approaches that address local risks to safety and well-being in a strategic and holistic way. The ministry is focused on the following five key goals:
- Deliver equitable and accessible services, and set standards, policies and guidelines in policing, corrections and public safety to keep Ontario’s diverse communities and Ontarians safe.
- Take a leadership role in administering the Provincial Strategy to Protect Children from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation on the Internet in partnership with the Ontario Provincial Police and municipal police services across the province.
- Enhance the proactive approach to deterring and reducing crime through the implementation of Ontario's Mobilization and Engagement Model of Community Policing.
- Through discussions with municipal, policing and other ministry partners, set the stage for effective crime prevention and community safety and well-being through the development of the Provincial Approach to Community Safety and Well-Being.
- Continue to improve Ontario’s death investigation system by strengthening the inquest process and working with our justice and health partners in determining strategies for review and data collection of emerging and challenging topics, such as Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) and opioids.
- Ensure police are equipped with the tools and technology to enhance investigative capacity, combat crime and enforce safety on our roadways, waterways and trails.
- Effectively manage and respond to the diverse needs of the adult corrections population (including Indigenous and other clients with diverse identities) and reduce the risk of recidivism through early intervention, comprehensive assessment, progressive enforcement, inclusive and effective supervision, programming, and rehabilitation that meet clients’ individual needs.
- Promote industry compliance and enforcement of Ontario’s private security legislation, regulations, and conditions of licence through mandated training and testing, licensing, public complaints, compliance inspections and investigations.
- Continue to raise standards in the private security industry through measures that are consistent with the Regulators Code of Practice.
- Administer the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, the province’s primary animal welfare law and work with key stakeholders including the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals to ensure the welfare and protection of all animals in Ontario.
- Maintain the Major Case Management system to assist police services with managing serial and predator type investigations.
- Continue to meet international quality system standards and maintain accreditation at the Centre of Forensic Sciences to ensure it is seen as a nationally and internationally recognized centre of excellence that meets the needs of the Justice Sector.
- Monitor police services and to ensure that adequate and effective police services are provided at the municipal and provincial levels.
- Conduct a system of inspection and review of police services to ensure compliance with legislative requirements.
- Maintain the Constable Selection System in partnership with the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police.
- Support the appointment process for Provincial Police Services Board Appointees, Special Constables, Auxiliaries, and Appointing Officials.
- Support emergency service providers’ communication needs through continued maintenance of the existing government mobile communications network and transitioning to a modern public safety radio network.
- Continue to support fire services in implementing enhanced fire safety measures for vulnerable seniors in care homes and retirement homes.
- Establish and maintain partnerships for the coordinated planning, management and response to large scale emergencies, critical incidents and major events coordinated through the Provincial Emergency Operations Centre.
- Continue to work with federal, provincial and municipal partners in support of offsite nuclear emergency planning including:
- Updating the Provincial Nuclear Emergency Response Master Plan to ensure Ontario has a very comprehensive response to deal with nuclear emergencies.
- Undertaking a comprehensive review of provincial emergency management to help the province identify opportunities to strengthen emergency management in Ontario.
- Provide evidence-based, high quality training to Ontario’s police officers, from recruits to senior/specialized officers.
- Develop and deliver recognized and accredited courses across the spectrum of skills required for members of Ontario’s municipal fire services (including Indigenous communities) via the Ontario Fire College and its regional training centres established in partnership with municipal fire services.
- Establish and participate on the Fire Safety Technical Table (the Table) to provide input to inform the development of evidence-based policy options to enhance fire safety in Ontario.
- Contribute to an effective, efficient and seamless justice system that serves all of Ontario’s diverse communities.
- Manage capacity pressures in correctional institutions including addressing the distribution of remand inmates through ongoing operational capacity review and infrastructure initiatives.
- Invest in bringing better results to the Justice Sector by transforming community safety through the Strategy for a Safer Ontario and Corrections Reform strategic initiatives.
- Engage policing partners and affected stakeholders in initiatives related to modernizing public safety service delivery as part of the Strategy for a Safer Ontario.
- Apply science and technology to improve and support the delivery of effective public safety services including forensic sciences and pathology.
- Continue to deliver timely and high quality forensic science services that respond to evolving service needs.
- Continue the upload of court security costs from municipalities, up to $125 million annually at maturity in 2018.
- Ensure public safety training colleges’ support services are sustainable, integrated and streamlined.
- Improve access to the Ontario justice system through innovative technology such as the Justice Video Network (JVN) which seamlessly connects corrections, police, courts, the broader public sector and the public to the Ontario justice system.
- Deliver responsive programs and services that meet the unique needs of Ontario’s diverse communities.
- Support vulnerable Ontarians with enhanced employee awareness training and the delivery of specialized crime prevention programs.
- Support municipal fire services’ public education efforts by providing training, tools, and resources regarding fire safety and emergency management for diverse, newcomer, high risk, and hard to reach demographics.
- Enhance training for police to support the evolution of policing and ensure training is based on research and best practices. Ongoing training initiatives incorporate a specific focus on cultural awareness, sensitivity and vulnerable persons through sexual assault investigations and human trafficking investigations, including the understanding of victimization and trauma, community supports, identification and investigation techniques.
- Enhance the availability of appropriate and relevant programs for inmates/offenders with diverse and unique Human Rights Code-related needs, [e.g., based on sex (women), gender identity, ancestry, racial identities, disabilities, language (e.g., French-speaking inmates/offenders), etc.] through the Correctional Services’ Human Rights Plan (a multi-year action plan to embed human rights principles and Indigenous peoples’ perspectives in Correctional Services workplaces and services, in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services).
- Ensure all grant program stakeholders are in compliance with the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA), ensuring accessibility for all Ontarians by removing barriers for people with disabilities.
- Work with Indigenous communities to address their community safety service delivery needs and develop harmonious and mutually respectful relationships.
- Continue to engage First Nation, Metis, Inuit, and urban Indigenous partners on the Strategy for a Safer Ontario.
- Collaborate with other Government of Ontario ministries, the Federal Government, First Nations, and stakeholders to address First Nations’ policing and other Justice Sector issues.
- Enhance First Nations policing through provincial initiatives to support the sustainability of police services in First Nations communities.
- Continue to engage with First Nations concerning the death investigation process as it pertains to Indigenous culture, beliefs and service delivery needs.
- Continue to provide grant programs to Indigenous communities, in particular, to support the development and delivery of culturally appropriate rehabilitation programs in collaboration with local communities.
- Effectively administer Ontario’s funding and provincial support under the First Nations Policing Program in compliance with the tripartite agreements between the federal, provincial/territorial governments and First Nations.
- Enhance Ontario’s capacity to assist in coordinating the evacuation of First Nations communities in the remote North through inter-ministerial partnerships and continued enhancements to the first provincial mass evacuation emergency response plan as well as the Joint Emergency Management Steering Committee service standards.
- Work with the federal government (Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada) and First Nations representatives to provide sustainable emergency preparedness and response services to First Nations communities in Ontario.
- As part of Correctional Services’ commitments under “The Journey Together: Ontario’s Commitment to Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples”:
- Enhance cultural, spiritual, healing and other supports and services to accommodate and address the unique needs of Indigenous clients.
- Work collaboratively with Indigenous partners, organizations and communities to design and develop these services and supports.
- Lead and promote a healthy, diverse and engaged workforce and organization that reflects the ministry’s values and the communities we serve.
- Provide broad, equitable access to employment opportunities, promoting human rights, equity, diversity, accessibility and inclusion and ensuring that the ministry’s outreach, recruitment, retention and promotion practices and systems are inclusive and barrier-free, and help support a workforce that is representative of Ontario’s diversity.
- Increase employee engagement.
- Ensure that long term change initiatives under Correctional Services’ Human Rights Plan are completed and properly implemented in partnership with the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services.
- Implement recommendations in the Ontario Ombudsman report In the Line of Duty that relate to occupational stress illness and injuries for police officers.
Legislation administered by the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services:
- Ammunition Regulation Act, 1994
- Regulates the sale of ammunition. The Act generally requires that purchasers be a minimum of 18 years old and requires that businesses keep certain records.
- Anatomy Act, 1990
- Allows the General Inspector (Chief Coroner) to send bodies, which have been donated or are unclaimed, to universities or colleges for educational purposes.
- Christopher’s Law (Sex Offender Registry), 2000
- Requires sex offenders who are residents of Ontario to register with police upon conviction and on an annual basis and at any time that they change their address. The ministry is required to maintain the registry and provide access to the police.
- Coroners Act, 1990
- Provides for investigations by Coroners into the circumstances surrounding certain deaths. The Act sets out the circumstances under which an inquest will be held and the procedures for holding an inquest.
- Correctional Services Staff Recognition Week Act, 2016
- Proclaims the week commencing on the first Monday in May in each year as Correctional Services Staff Recognition Week.
- Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act, 1990
- Addresses both emergency preparedness and emergency response at municipal and provincial levels. The Act requires municipalities and ministries to develop emergency programs and formulate emergency plans.
- Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997
- Governs fire safety in Ontario and sets fire protection requirements for municipalities. The Act establishes the Office of the Fire Marshal to oversee the operation of fire departments.
- Firefighters’ Memorial Day Act, 2000
- Establishes the first Sunday in October as Firefighters’ Memorial Day to honour firefighters.
- First Responders Day Act, 2013
- Establishes May 1 in each year as First Responders Day.
- Hawkins Gignac Act (Carbon Monoxide Safety), 2013
- Establishes the annual carbon monoxide awareness week.
- Imitation Firearms Regulation Act, 2000
- Regulates the sale and other transfers of imitation firearms and deactivated firearms, and prohibits the purchase and sale of starter pistols capable of being adapted for use as firearms.
- Interprovincial Policing Act, 2009
- Provides a framework for the exercise of police powers in Ontario by police officers from other provinces. Reciprocal legislation in other provinces permits Ontario police to exercise powers in those provinces.
- Mandatory Blood Testing Act, 2006
- Enables certain classes of persons who have come into contact with the bodily substance of another person to make an application for an order to have that person’s blood tested for HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B and C.
- Mandatory Gunshot Wounds Reporting Act, 2005
- Requires hospitals that treat a person for gunshot wound(s) to disclose this fact to the local police.
- Ministry of Correctional Services Act, 1990
- Establishes the legislative framework for correctional services in Ontario and governs matters relating to the detention and release from custody of remanded and sentenced inmates. The Act provides for community supervision services and establishes the Ontario Parole Board. Pursuant to Order in Council numbered O.C. 497/2004, the powers assigned to the Minister of Correctional Services were transferred to the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services.
- Ministry of the Solicitor General Act, 1990
- Establishes the ministry of the Solicitor General. Pursuant to Order in Council numbered O.C. 497/2004, the powers assigned to the Solicitor General were transferred to the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services.
- Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1990
- Sets out inspection, enforcement and appeal procedures for the prevention of cruelty to animals and deals with animals in distress. The Act also creates the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the Animal Care Review Board.
- Police Services Act, 1990
- Provides the legislative framework for policing in Ontario. This Act requires municipalities to decide on the method of providing adequate and effective policing in their communities. This Act also creates the Ontario Provincial Police, the Special Investigations Unit, the Ontario Civilian Police Commission, the position of the Independent Police Review Director and the Ontario Police Arbitration Commission.
- Private Security and Investigative Services Act, 2005
- Regulates private investigators and security guards. The Act replaced the Private Investigators and Security Guards Act.
- Security for Electricity Generating Facilities and Nuclear Facilities Act, 2014
- Sets out various powers for peace officers in respect of restricted access electricity and nuclear generating facilities.
- Note: The Police Record Checks Reform Act, 2015 (passed but not yet in force, will be in force upon proclamation).
- Sets out a process and exceptions governing requests for searches of the Canadian Police Information Centre databases, or other police databases, in connection with screening an individual for certain purposes.
The ministry is committed to making Ontarians safe in their communities by focusing on the following performance indicators:
- In 2015, Ontario’s police-reported Violent Crime Severity Index was 50.64. In 2016, the ministry is committed to maintaining the police-reported Violent Crime Severity Index at or below the 2015 rate.
- In 2016, the percentage of Ontario citizens residing in areas of Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) jurisdiction who reported feeling ‘safe’ or ‘very safe’ was 98.6%. The OPP is committed to maintaining high levels of safety at or above the provincial average of 95%.
- The rate of traffic fatalities in areas of OPP jurisdiction per 10,000 vehicles registered was 0.34 in 2016. The OPP is committed to maintaining the rate of traffic fatalities in OPP jurisdictions at or below the OPP’s prior three-year average. The 2017 target, based on the 2014-2016 average, is 0.33.
- The adult institutional re-offending rate was 37.4% and the adult community re-offending rate was 21.4% for the 2013-14 release cohort within a two-year follow-up period. The ministry is committed to reducing the institutional re-offending rate to 36.9%, and the community re-offending rate to 19.3%, by 2022-23.
- In 2015-16, 86.7% of inmates were screened for mental health concerns within 48 hours of admission. The ministry is committed to ensuring that all inmates are being screened within 48 hours of admission by the end of 2016-17.
- In 2015-16, 61.6% of sentenced offenders had a discharge plan. The ministry is committed to a 5% increase in the proportion of offenders with a discharge plan by 2016-17.
The Public Safety Division works with its policing and community partners to promote community safety and well-being. Activities include: scientific analysis in the Centre of Forensic Sciences; oversight of the private security industry; development of policing guidelines and standards; monitoring and inspecting police services; administration of community safety grants; support for intelligence-led operations; management of provincial appointments and the Constable Selection System; delivery of the Major Case Management system; administration of the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act including the promotion of animal welfare and support for First Nations policing in Ontario including representing the Province in negotiating First Nations policing agreements with the Federal Government and First Nations communities.
Public Safety Training
The mandate of the Public Safety Training program is to support expert training for police, firefighters and correctional service workers (correctional officers and probation and parole officers) to meet the policing, fire protection and correctional service needs of all communities throughout the province in a sustainable way.
Ontario Provincial Police
The OPP has a unique mandate to provide both provincial policing and policing services to 324 Ontario municipalities, 323 of which are served on a contract or non-contract basis. The OPP administers policing for 19 First Nations communities under the Ontario First Nations Policing Agreement (OFNPA) and in addition administers one Community Tripartite Agreement under the OFNPA. The OPP further provides direct policing to another 20 First Nations communities.
The Police Services Act further mandates that the OPP deliver a wide array of specialized and technical services, including criminal investigation, search and rescue and recovery, intelligence, aviation services, provincial communications and dispatch, and leadership. These services are provided to OPP-policed communities and in support of all municipal and First Nations police services across Ontario, as required.
The OPP Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive (CBRNE) Response Teams respond to any high level emergency if requested. The OPP also coordinates law enforcement efforts to reduce criminal activities, including: the Violent Crimes Linkages Analysis System (ViCLAS); the Provincial Strategy to Protect Children from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation on the Internet; the Provincial Anti-Terrorism Strategy; Ontario’s Strategy to End Human Trafficking and the Ontario Sex Offender Registry.
Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management (OFMEM)
OFMEM carries out its legislated mandate as set out in the Fire Protection and Prevention Act and the Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act. OFMEM works to minimize the loss of life and property from fire in Ontario by supporting municipalities, fire services and other public safety agencies to meet the needs of their communities, including public education, fire prevention, firefighting, fire protection, training and fire investigation.
OFMEM advises the government on public fire safety, policy, standards and legislation relating to fire prevention and protection, and investigates the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire/explosion that might have caused a loss of life, serious injury or damage to property.
OFMEM is also the provincial coordinating body for emergency management activities in Ontario and provides leadership, support, oversight and coordination of emergency programs in the Province at municipal, ministry, and government-wide levels. OFMEM maintains the Provincial Emergency Operations Centre (PEOC) to ensure 24/7 situational awareness and support for actual or potential incidents impacting Ontario and provides over-arching emergency management and business continuity plans to inform more specialized plans by Order-in-Council Ministries. OFMEM works with other jurisdictions in Canada and in contiguous states to support broader emergency management activities. OFMEM also operates the Ministry’s Emergency Operations Centre (MEOC), as an essential element of its mandate to manage and maintain the ministry’s emergency management program in accordance with legislation.
Office of the Chief Coroner and Ontario Forensic Pathology Service
Ontario’s death investigation system is delivered in partnership by the Office of the Chief Coroner (OCC) and the Ontario Forensic Pathology Service (OFPS). The OCC and OFPS have a shared mission to provide high quality death investigation that supports the administration of justice, the prevention of premature death, and is responsive to Ontario’s diverse needs.
The OCC is responsible for conducting death investigations and inquests in accordance with provisions of the Coroners Act. Investigations are typically conducted in sudden and unexpected deaths in order to answer five questions (who, where, when, how and by what means) and to determine if an inquest should be conducted where not mandated by the act. Investigations and inquests may result in recommendations that if implemented, may reduce the likelihood of future deaths in similar circumstances, thereby contributing to public safety.
The OFPS is legislatively responsible for providing medico-legal autopsy services pursuant to the Coroners Act. The OFPS, in partnership with the University of Toronto, currently operates an accredited training program for Forensic Pathologists in Canada. The OFPS also hosts many medical students, pathology and imaging residents, pathology assistants, undergraduate students and other learners from the University of Toronto, Western University and other universities in Canada and the United States, along with fellowship and observership programs for forensic physicians from low and middle-income countries.
The mandate of Correctional Services is to provide care, custody and control of offenders who are remanded and/or incarcerated (up to two years less a day) and to provide supervision of offenders serving sentences in the community on terms of probation, conditional sentence and Ontario parole. Key services and programs include training, rehabilitative programming, treatment and services designed to help offenders achieve changes in attitude and behaviour to support successful reintegration into the community and ensure public safety.
Correctional Services has four divisions: Institutional Services (IS), Community Services (CS), Operational Support (OS) and Correctional Services Oversight and Investigations (CSOI). Authority for IS and CS is provided under both provincial and federal legislation including the Ministry of Correctional Services Act, Provincial Offences Act and the Criminal Code of Canada.
Ministry Administration, Policy and Justice Technology Services
Ministry Administration Program
The ministry’s core businesses are supported by corporate services that provide leadership, direction, planning and governance. Ministry administration activities include the Minister’s Office, Deputy Minister’s Office, Office of the Associate Deputy Minister of Correctional Services, Office of the Associate Deputy Minister – Provincial Security Advisor, Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, Communications Branch, Legal Services Branch, Business and Financial Planning Branch, Procurement and Business Improvement Branch, HR Strategic Business Unit, and Facilities and Capital Planning Branch. The program also shares Justice Sector services for freedom of information, French language services, and audit.
Justice Technology Services Cluster
The Justice Technology Services Cluster delivers highly integrated and complex Information & Information Technology (I&IT) services and solutions and reliable and responsive operational support. This is in alignment with the corporate I&IT strategic direction that enables and supports business priorities and goals across the justice sector ministries. Key support is provided through development, implementation and maintenance of technology solutions and critical services, liaising with other service providers as well as information management and planning. The cluster serves the core businesses of the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services and the Ministry of the Attorney General, including their respective Agencies, Boards and Commissions. It also provides application support to Youth Justice Services Division, Ministry of Children and Youth Services. In addition, the cluster supports enterprise-wide government mobile communication services.
Strategic Policy, Research and Innovation
The division is responsible for leading policy development and data analysis, research and evaluation to support ministry and government priorities. Key functions include: development of evidence-based policy and legislation; analytics, research and evaluation; and the coordination of justice sector intergovernmental activities.
The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services is committed to ensuring that Ontario’s communities are supported and protected by law enforcement and public safety mechanisms that are safe, secure, effective, efficient and accountable.
The ministry’s 2016-17 achievements are categorized as follows:
Community Safety and Well-Being
- Taking action to combat human trafficking
- Improving police response to incidents of sexual violence and harassment
- New policing rules came into effect January 1, 2017
- New regulation strengthens Ontario’s death investigation system
- Partnering with police and local organizations to build safer communities
- Developing a Strategy for a Safer Ontario
Supporting First Responders
- New law to allow faster access to treatment for first responders diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder
- Nine new Ontario Provincial Police detachments announced to support modern policing
- Testing emergency response capabilities
- Overhauling the use of segregation
- Announced the first dedicated mental health unit for female adult inmates
- Full-body scanners being installed in all adult correctional facilities
- Making improvements at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre
- New intermittent centre addresses capacity issues, improves staff and inmate safety
- Hiring to strengthen corrections
This is a text version of an organizational chart for the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services as of May 1, 2017. The list shows the following hierarchical structure with the top level assigned to the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services.
- Honourable Marie-France Lalonde, Minister
- Soo Wong, Parliamentary Assistant
Advisory and Adjudicative Agencies, Boards and Commissions
- Constable Joe MacDonald Public Safety Officers Survivors Scholarship Fund – Patricia Kirkwood, Chair
- Fire Marshal’s Public Fire Safety Council – Ross Nichols, Chair
- Ontario Police Arbitration Commission – Paul Gardner, Chair
- Death Investigation Oversight Council – Honourable Joseph C.M. James
Deputy Minister’s Office
- M. Torigian, Deputy Minister
- L. Evangelista, Acting Executive Assistant
Ontario Provincial Police
- V. Hawkes, Commissioner
- Provincial Command Field Operations – G. Couture, Deputy Commissioner
- Provincial Command Investigations and Organized Crime – R. Barnum, Deputy Commissioner
- Provincial Command Traffic Safety and Operational Support – B. Blair, Deputy Commissioner
- Provincial Command Corporate Services – M. Silverthorn, Provincial Commander
Associate Deputy Minister’s Office – Provincial Security
- R. Boisvert, Associate Deputy Minister
- Provincial Security – C. Letang, Director
Associate Deputy Minister’s Office – Correctional Services
- M. Welch, Associate Deputy Minister
- E. Coleman, Acting Executive Assistant
Corrections Transformation Implementation
- C. Arthur, Executive Lead
- N. Sanders, Assistant Deputy Minister
- Programs and Operational Policy – J. Oliver, Director
- Field Operations and Corporate Support – B. Cook, Acting Director
- Human Rights Plan – M. Walker, Director
- Business Planning, Resources and Solutions – S. Mahimkar-Patrick, Acting Director
- Ontario Correctional Services College – K. Michalicka, Director (reports to both S. Beckett and N. Sanders)
- C. Danylchenko, Assistant Deputy Minister
- Provincial Project Lead – S. Boothby
- Eastern Region – R. Denis, Acting Regional Director
- Central Region – L. Lucier, Acting Regional Director
- Western Region – K. Fitzgerald, Acting Regional Director
- Northern Region – K. Kinger, Regional Director
- Institutional Operations – D. Pitfield, Acting Director
- A. Berday, Acting Assistant Deputy Minister
- Eastern Region – T. Robertson, Acting Regional Director
- Central Region – K. West, Acting Regional Director
- Western Region – B. Forbes, Acting Regional Director
- Northern Region – J. Franz, Acting Regional Director
Correctional Services Oversight and Investigations
- R. Thompson, Acting Chief
- S. Beckett, Assistant Deputy Minister
- External Relations – S. Waldie, Director
- Private Security and Investigative Services – L. Kool, Director
- Centre of Forensic Sciences – T. Tessarolo, Director
- Criminal Intelligence Service Ontario – H. Stevenson, Director
- First Nation Policing – B. Therrien, Acting Director
Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management
- R. Nichols, Acting Fire Marshal and Chief, Emergency Management
- Deputy Fire Marshal – Jim Kay, Acting Deputy Fire Marshal
- Emergency Management – M. Morton, Director
- Administration and Business Services – T. Fernandes, Acting Director
- Standards, Training and Public Education – A. Suleman, Director
- Ontario Fire College – C. Chambers, Acting Principal
Public Safety Training
- S. Beckett, Acting Assistant Deputy Minister
- Ontario Police College – B. Herridge, Director
- Business Development and Coordination – D. Kasias, Director
Office of the Chief Coroner
- Dr. D. Huyer, Chief Coroner
- Operational Services – M. Chicilo, Director. Reports to both the Office of the Chief Coroner and Ontario Forensic Pathology Service
Ontario Forensic Pathology Service
- Dr. M. Pollanen, Chief Pathologist
- Operational Services – M. Chicilo, Director. Reports to both the Office of the Chief Coroner and Ontario Forensic Pathology Service
- S. McGetrick, Director
Legal Services - provided through MAG
- B. Loewen, Director
Strategic Policy, Research and Innovation
- D. Conrad, Assistant Deputy Minister
- Research, Analytics and Innovation – M. McBain, Director
- Community Safety and Corrections Policy – A. Ibarguchi, Director
- Community Safety and Intergovernmental Policy – R. Ramsarran, Director
Justice Technology Services(Provides services to the justice sector)
- R. Thompson, Assistant Deputy Minister/Chief Information Officer
- MAG Solutions – C. Emile, Head
- MCSCS Solutions – I. McGlashan, Head
- Service Management – C. Walpole, Head
- Common Cluster Solutions – S. Fournier, Head
- Strategy, Plan, Information Management – vacant
- Government Mobile Communications – K. Scott, Head
- D. Vanderduim, Assistant Deputy Minister/Chief Administrative Officer
- Strategic Business Unit – K. Sawicki, Director
- Facilities and Capital Planning – R. Greene, Director
- Business and Financial Planning – J. Stevenson, Director
- Procurement and Business Improvement – S. Salazar, Director
- Freedom of Information – E. Ragone, Coordinator – provides services to the Justice Sector
- French Language Services – S. Derbier, Coordinator – provides services to the Justice Sector
- Audit Services – D. Horie, Director – provides services to the Justice Sector
Advisory and adjudicative ABCs make communities safer by providing independent oversight and adjudicative services that protect the interest of the public.
Ontario Police Arbitration Commission (OPAC) - Adjudicative
The commission provides conciliation and mediation-arbitration services under the Labour Relations Part VIII of the Police Services Act to assist police associations and police services boards in the resolution of disputes arising out of contract negotiations and the administration of their collective agreements.
Death Investigation Oversight Council (DIOC) - Advisory
DIOC is an independent oversight council committed to serving Ontarians by ensuring that death investigation services are provided in an effective and accountable manner. As an advisory agency, DIOC provides oversight of coroners and forensic pathologists in Ontario, supports quality death investigations, and through its complaints committee, administers a public complaints process.
Constable Joe MacDonald Public Safety Officers’ Survivors Scholarship Fund Committee - Advisory
The committee reviews applications submitted to the Constable Joe MacDonald Public Safety Officers' Survivors Scholarship Fund and makes funding recommendations to the minister. The committee also advises on the administration of the scholarship fund. The scholarship is available to spouses and children of public safety officers who have died in the line of duty. The scholarship pays for the cost of post-secondary education, up to five years, including tuition, textbooks and eligible living expenses.
Fire Marshal’s Public Fire Safety Council - Advisory
Established in 1993, the council promotes fire prevention and public education through sponsorships and partnerships with various groups and individuals interested in public safety. The council is a corporation without share capital under the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997, and is comprised of representatives from fire services, industry and the public. The council forms partnerships, raises and distributes funds, and endorses programs and products necessary to further the development of Ontario as a fire-safe community.
Community Advisory Boards (CABs) - Advisory
Established under the ministry of Correctional Services Act, Section 14.1, CABs provide a greater degree of transparency and enhance the accountability of Ontario correctional institutions. CABs provide oversight and independent observations of correctional facilities’ operations with a focus on community issues and stakeholder engagement.
|Ontario Police Arbitration Commission||458,700||403,984|
|Death Investigation Oversight Council||447,100||503,990|
|Sub-total Vote 7 (Agencies, Boards and Commissions)||905,800||907,974|
|Fire Marshal's Public Fire Safety Council*||5,000||3,595|
|Constable Joe MacDonald Public Safety Officers' Survivors Scholarship Fund*||400,000||215,444|
|Community Advisory Boards (CABs)**||-||-|
*Funding for the Fire Marshal's Public Fire Safety Council and Constable Joe MacDonald Public Safety Officers' Survivors Scholarship Fund is provided through the appropriations of the Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management and the Public Safety Division, respectively.
** Expenditures are minimal and are managed from within Correctional Services appropriation.
Note: Ministry Planned Expenditures include Statutory Appropriations and Consolidations and exclude assets.
Numbers may not add due to rounding.
Ministry Budget 2017-18, Operating and Capital
*Graph includes the budget for the OPP, Public Safety Division, Public Safety Training, Emergency Planning and Management, Justice Technology Services and Correctional Services Programs. It also includes statutory appropriations, accommodations and leasing, consolidation and other services.
Note: ministry budget excludes capital assets and operating assets.
Numbers may not add due to rounding.
*Note that some figures for 2015-16 and 2016-17 have been restated to reflect transfers to/from other ministries and internal ministry realignments. Interim actuals reflect the numbers presented in the 2017 Ontario Budget.
Community Safety and Well-being
Ontario continues to work with police, municipal and community partners to build stronger, safer communities, invest in community safety and well-being, and encourage a responsive and supportive network of services that will give survivors of criminal activities such as human trafficking and violent assault the confidence to come forward. A Strategy for a Safer Ontario will result in major transformation in the way policing is delivered in the province.
Action to combat human trafficking
Human trafficking is a deplorable crime that robs its victims – many of them young women, at-risk youth and Indigenous people – of their safety, livelihood and dignity. A new strategy to end human trafficking focuses on the well-being of survivors and holding offenders accountable.
Ontario is a major centre for human trafficking in Canada, accounting for roughly 65 per cent of police-reported cases nationally. Over 70 per cent of reported cases are for the purpose of sexual exploitation, and the majority of survivors are Canadian citizens or permanent residents. MCSCS launched an anti-trafficking strategy in partnership with the Ministry of Community and Social Services, Ministry of the Attorney General, Ministry of Children and Youth Services and the Ministry of Women’s Issues.
The new Strategy to End Human Trafficking focuses on four areas of action:
- Prevention and community supports to increase awareness of human trafficking and improve community services to meet the needs of survivors.
- Enhanced justice sector initiatives to support intelligence-gathering, investigation and prosecution of human traffickers.
- Indigenous-led approaches designed, developed and delivered with Indigenous partners to prevent Indigenous people from becoming victims of human traffickers.
- Provincial coordination and leadership to help improve collaboration across law enforcement, justice, social, health, education and child welfare sectors in the fight against human trafficking.
Improving police response to incidents of sexual violence and harassment
It is estimated that one in three Canadian women experience a sexual assault, and that Indigenous women are three times more likely to experience violence than non-Indigenous women.
Research indicates that fewer than four per cent of sexual assaults are reported to police. Improving response efforts and supports for survivors of sexual violence when reporting an assault may encourage more survivors to come forward.
In 2016-17, MCSCS launched a new grant program called Supporting Police Response to Sexual Violence and Harassment. The grant is available to police services across Ontario for the implementation of pilot projects that support a more compassionate and sensitive response from law enforcement when dealing with incidents of sexual violence and harassment. As part of the first call for applications, the ministry has allocated almost $1.8 million over two years to police services for 15 pilot projects that are focused on a survivor-centred approach to police response.
MCSCS also funded three research projects to support a more compassionate, sensitive and culturally-appropriate response from police when dealing with incidents of sexual violence and harassment against Indigenous women. The three projects are addressing the experiences of Indigenous women, including:
- On-reserve First Nations police reporting, responses, support services and investigative practices.
- The impact of police involvement on the use of services at Ontario’s sexual assault treatment programs by Indigenous women and girls.
- Police response to sexual violence in urban Indigenous communities.
New policing rules came into effect January 1, 2017
New policing rules protect the rights of people who are not under investigation while also laying the foundation for more positive, trusting and respectful relationships between police and the public.
Ontario became the first jurisdiction in Canada to set out clear and consistent rules for voluntary police-public interactions where police are gathering information, a practice commonly known as ‘street checks’. The new regulation prohibits police from requesting identifying information arbitrarily, or based on a person’s race or presence in a high-crime neighbourhood.
The regulation is based on feedback from public consultations on how to improve transparency, oversight and public confidence, and established new training, record-keeping and reporting requirements to strengthen accountability. The new rules apply if an officer asks a person for identifying information or to see an identifying document while gathering intelligence or investigating suspicious activities or a possible crime. The new rules do not apply when police are conducting a traffic stop, arresting or detaining a suspect, executing a warrant or investigating a specific crime.
New regulation strengthens Ontario’s death investigation system
Ontario’s Death Investigation Oversight Council is a valuable resource for Ontario’s death investigation system. A regulatory change has made the system more accountable and transparent.
MCSCS has expanded the role of the Death Investigation Oversight Council to allow the council to provide advice and make recommendations to the Chief Coroner with respect to whether a discretionary inquest is called. While mandatory inquests are required by law for certain types of deaths, discretionary inquests are called by the Chief Coroner when it is believed there may be systemic issues that, when explored through an inquest, could advance public safety. This change increases accountability in the system by allowing a broader range of perspectives to help determine whether a discretionary inquest should be called. The legislative authority to call a discretionary inquest remains with the Chief Coroner.
Partnering with police and local organizations to build safer communities
By working together, police, service providers and community groups are better able to meet the needs of our communities and ensure that individuals at risk are able to access the services they need.
MCSCS helped to build safer, stronger communities in 2016-17 by partnering with community organizations and police services, and providing grant funding to deliver more than 50 community-led safety and corrections projects in Ontario.
Funding for these projects came from the government’s Proceeds of Crime Front-Line Policing Grant (POC-FLP) and Safer and Vital Communities Grant programs. POC-FLP grants are funded by seized assets that have been forfeited to the government as proceeds of crime following criminal prosecutions. The POC-FLP Grants funded 27 projects led by police services this year. The Safer and Vital Communities Grant supports 25 community projects over the next two years.
The two grant programs support community groups and police working together to implement local projects that enhance community safety and well-being. Successful projects were based on the theme: “Creating a Safer Ontario through Community Collaboration”, and included multi-agency risk intervention models, as well as initiatives to target human trafficking, sexual violence, mental health, at-risk youth, alcohol and drug abuse, senior’s safety and a variety of other risk factors associated with crime and victimization.
Strategy for a Safer Ontario
Ontario is one of the safest jurisdictions in North America. However, the issues faced by police services today are more complex and require a modernization of the Police Services Act as part of a community-based Strategy for a Safer Ontario.
MCSCS launched a series of province-wide consultations on a Strategy for a Safer Ontario in 2016-17. The strategy will address changes in policing and help communities develop local solutions to improve safety and well-being. It will represent the biggest transformation of policing in Ontario in over 25 years.
Close to 500 municipal representatives (including police stakeholders and service providers) and about 300 members of the public participated in one of 19 engagement sessions held across the province. More than 1,700 people took part in an online survey on developing the new strategy. The ministry also received written submissions from municipalities, police services, human rights and anti-racism organizations and community associations.
The ministry has also been working with First Nations police services and community leadership on the development of a First Nations policing framework as part of the strategy.
Proposed legislation to modernize the Police Services Act is expected to be introduced in the Ontario Legislature in 2017-18.
Supporting First Responders
Ontario’s first responders work hard to keep our communities safe. The ministry is committed to ensuring our first responders have the necessary supports and tools to do their jobs, including training exercises and modern infrastructure, and to protect these brave men and women by recognizing the links between work and health issues, and making sure they have access to the highest quality of care and support.
New law to allow faster access to treatment for first responders diagnosed with post-traumtic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a serious and debilitating injury that Ontario’s first responders are more than twice as likely to suffer from.
Ontario passed the Supporting Ontario’s First Responders Act in 2016-17, creating the presumption that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosed in first responders is work-related. Evidence shows that first responders are at least twice as likely as the general population to suffer from PTSD, due to the risk of frequent exposure to traumatic situations.
The act allows for faster access to Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) benefits, resources and timely treatment. Once a first responder is diagnosed with PTSD, the claims process to be eligible for WSIB benefits will be expedited without the need to provide a causal link between PTSD and a workplace event.
The act was introduced by the Ministry of Labour and supported by MCSCS. It applies to 73,000 first responders, including police officers, firefighters, paramedics and certain workers in correctional institutions and secure youth justice facilities.
Nine new Ontario Provincial Police detachments to support modern policing
New Ontario Provincial Police detachments will replace structures that have exceeded their useful life, and support modern police operations to ensure the safety of our communities.
In 2016, MCSCS continued to modernize Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) facilities and announced nine new detachments to replace outdated buildings. The OPP polices 324 communities in Ontario. The new detachments will be constructed in Fort Frances, Hawkesbury, Huron County, Manitoulin Island, Marathon, Moosonee, Orillia, Port Credit and West Parry Sound.
Testing emergency response capabilities
Large-scale emergency exercises provide an excellent opportunity to fully test the Province’s collective capacity to effectively and quickly coordinate and respond to emergencies.
A number of provincial ministries and agencies, including the Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management (OFMEM) participated in a large-scale, fully functional regional emergency exercise in Bruce County to test the province’s ability to respond to nuclear incidents.
‘Huron Resolve’ ran for five days in the first week of October, and tested emergency preparedness by simulating a major nuclear incident at Bruce Power, a nuclear generating station that produces 30 per cent of Ontario’s power. OFMEM assisted Bruce Power in coordinating the exercise, which brought together 500 individuals from more than 29 agencies, including the Provincial Emergency Operations Centre, all levels of government and non-government organizations.
Ontario is taking action to reform the provincial correctional system by increasing access to health care services, improving conditions of confinement and supporting rehabilitation and reintegration. The ministry’s plan to address immediate priorities in the system will support improvements such as better access to programs and services, improved facilities and more time out of cells for those in segregation and those with mental health issues.
Overhauling the use of segregation
The government is committed to making necessary changes to its segregation policy to see that it is in line with the Ontario Human Rights Code, and to ensure that segregation is only used as a last resort when all other options have been exhausted.
MCSCS has appointed Howard Sapers as an independent advisor to provide advice on the use of segregation and ways to improve the province’s adult corrections systems. Mr. Sapers is a former federal investigator and Ombudsman for offenders sentenced in federal correctional institutions. He will advise the provincial government on:
- Reducing the number of people held in segregation, and the length of time individuals spend in segregation.
- Building a system in which appropriate alternatives to segregation are made available for vulnerable inmates such as pregnant women and those with acute mental health issues.
- Improving the conditions under which individuals are held when in segregation.
Mr. Sapers’ interim report was released May 4th, 2017. It provided recommendations on ways to address current issues and challenges related to segregation. The ministry committed to addressing all of the recommendations contained in the interim report. This could include additional improvements to build on the ministry’s recent changes, as well as shorter-term opportunities to reduce the use of segregation.
The ministry has already taken firm and immediate action in 2016-17 to reduce the number of inmates placed in segregation and improve conditions for those who must be segregated from the general population for their own safety, or the safety of others. Under the ministry’s new segregation policy:
- Segregation will only be used as a measure of last resort, and will only be used under the least restrictive conditions available.
- The maximum time an inmate can spend in disciplinary segregation has been reduced to 15 consecutive days from the previous 30 consecutive days.
- Weekly segregation review committees have been created at each institution to conduct case reviews of all inmates in segregation.
- MCSCS is working with the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care on ways to enhance the appropriate supports for inmates with mental health issues, and other vulnerable inmates.
The ministry is also putting in place dedicated managers at institutions with higher segregation rates to help reduce the use of segregation and support inmates as they transition back to the general population.
First dedicated mental health unit for female adult inmates
We have a responsibility to ensure that all inmates have access to the mental health services they need to support their successful rehabilitation and reintegration back into their communities.
The ministry announced Ontario’s first dedicated mental health unit for female adult inmates. The unit is expected to open in early 2018, as part of a new 192-bed adult female detention centre on the site of the current Roy McMurtry Youth Centre (RMYC) in Brampton. The dedicated mental health unit will house up to 32 inmates and meet the specific, often complex needs of female inmates with mental health issues. This unit was a key recommendation in a 2015 report on improving mental health services for female inmates.
The RMYC opened in 2009 as a 192-bed secure facility for youth in conflict with the law. Ontario is able to repurpose the facility due to a steady decrease in youth admissions. The fully completed adult female detention centre is expected to open in 2022.
Full-body scanners being installed in all adult correctional facilities
Advanced technology full-body scanners in all of Ontario’s adult correctional facilities will improve safety, reduce contraband and help to keep communities safe.
Ontario is the first jurisdiction in Canada to install full-body scanners in all adult correctional facilities. Eleven of the advanced technology scanners had been installed in correctional facilities by the end of 2016-17, to further improve staff and inmate safety, reduce contraband and enhance security. These security systems can safely scan bodies for external and internal contraband not detected by existing security measures.
During a six-month trial of the new technology at the Toronto South Detention Centre, 16,427 scans were completed and 86 inmates were discovered to be in possession of contraband, including ceramic blades, pills and marijuana.
Making improvements at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre
Improvements at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre are part of a larger transformation of Ontario’s correctional system to address capacity issues, provide enhanced mental health supports, increased rehabilitation and reintegration programs, and alternatives to segregation.
MCSCS completed all of the short-term recommendations on a Task Force report to address capacity issues and improve conditions at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre (OCDC). The Task Force was formed in March 2016, and included senior ministry staff, local and provincial union leadership, legal experts and representatives from local community-based organizations.
The 13-member Task Force made 42 immediate, medium- and long-term recommendations, focusing on enhancing the health and safety of all staff and inmates at the institution. Completed tasks include an OCDC health care review, improvements in monitoring facility conditions, providing facilities to support up to 16 inmates with mental health needs, extended hours for professional visits from lawyers and advocates, increased spiritual/cultural counselling, programing for the diverse inmate population and a working group to improve the institution’s food delivery services.
The ministry will continue to work on the medium- and long-term recommendations, and is also exploring how the report’s findings can be applied across all of Ontario’s adult correctional institutions.
New intermittent centre addresses capacity issues, improves staff and inmate safety
Standalone intermittent centres for offenders serving sentences on weekends help to ease capacity pressures and prevent smuggling of contraband by keeping intermittent inmates separate from the general population.
MCSCS opened a 112-bed Regional Intermittent Centre (RIC) on the grounds of the Elgin-Middlesex Detention Centre (EMDC) in 2016-17. Intermittent sentences allow some adults serving a custodial sentence of 90 days or less to serve their sentence on weekends, rather than all at once.
The RIC was the first correctional facility in Ontario to incorporate tension membrane technology. This technology uses a non-corroding aluminum substructure overlaid with architectural membrane panels placed under high tension. These structures can be built rapidly, last as long as a conventional structure and are a cost effective solution for minimum-to-medium security facilities such as an intermittent centre.
The 22,000 square foot RIC includes various types of housing/beds in order to support diverse accommodations such as general beds, accessible beds, a dormitory to manage special needs and a segregation unit. The facility has a state-of-the-art electronic security system, which has been integrated into the existing EMDC system.
Hiring to strengthen corrections
Correctional Services employees, including correctional officers and probation and parole officers, help build stronger, safer communities by rehabilitating inmates and helping break the cycle of reoffending.
The ministry continues to invest in staffing for the province’s adult correctional facilities and strengthen community corrections. Ontario is on track to fulfill its commitment to hire 2000 new correctional officers by the end of 2018-19.
The ministry also:
- added 25 new probation and parole officer positions in 2016-17, to further enhance community safety, and
- announced plans to hire an additional 239 staff, including 22 nurses and 22 mental health nurses to increase supports for inmates, particularly those with significant challenges related to long-term segregation.
Staff Strength (as of March 31, 2017): 17,026 (Ontario Public Service Full-time Equivalent positions)
Note: Interim actuals reflect the numbers presented in the 2017 Ontario Budget.
 Source: Annual OPP Provincial Community Satisfaction Survey.
 Source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey, 2009.
 Based on 2013-14 release cohort. The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services defines institutional re-offending as a return to provincial correctional supervision on a new conviction within two years of the completion of a provincial sentence to incarceration of six months or more. Community re-offending is defined as a return to provincial correctional supervision on a new conviction within two years of the completion of a community disposition (probation or conditional sentence) regardless of reconviction type (e.g., probation or custodial sentence) or reconviction sentence length.
 Targets are based on the average of the last five years’ release cohorts, 2009-10 to 2013-14.
 Screening of inmates within 48 hours of admission was implemented in September 2015. Data is reported between October 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016.
 Currently, 22 out of 26 adult correctional institutions are recording the completion of discharge plans. Offender participation in discharge planning is voluntary.