OFMEM - Directive 2014-002

FIRE MARSHAL'S DIRECTIVE: 2014-002 (revised: May 9, 2016)

TOPIC: VULNERABLE OCCUPANCIES – FIRE DRILL SCENARIOS, FIRE DRILL OBSERVATIONS, FIRE SAFETY INSPECTIONS

This directive is issued under the provisions of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997, (FPPA) S.O. 1997, chapter 4, clause 9.(1)(b).  It is the responsibility of every Assistant to the Fire Marshal to follow the Fire Marshal's directive as set out in subsection 11.(1) of the FPPA.

Background

Ontario Regulation 364/13 (O.Reg.364/13) requires that fire drills be observed and fire safety inspections be undertaken, as directed by the Fire Marshal, for every care occupancy, care and treatment occupancy and retirement home for which an annual fire drill is required by Sentence 2.8.3.2.(6) of Division B of the Fire Code.  This directive provides direction to Assistants to the Fire Marshal on fire drill scenario approvals, fire drill observations, and fire safety inspections required by the regulation.

Directive

  1. When contacted by the owner of a care occupancy, care and treatment occupancy and retirement home for approval of a fire drill scenario required by Sentence 2.8.3.2.(6) of Division B of the Fire Code, the Chief Fire Official shall engage with the owner to agree on and approve in writing:
    1. A scenario representing the lowest staffing level complement that determines:
      1. The time available for staff to respond to the room of fire origin, remove occupant(s) from the room and close the door to the room, and
      2. The time available after closing the room door for staff to evacuate residents/patients from the zone or floor area containing the room of fire origin to the next point of safety.

      using the form in Annex A ‘Fire Drill Scenario’.  A different form may be used provided that it collects all of the information required by the form in Annex A.

    2. A notification time period for the fire drill as required by Article 2.8.3.3. of Division B of the Fire Code, including a minimum notice period should the need arise to reschedule the fire drill.
  2. The fire drill observation required by Ontario Regulation 364/13 for every care occupancy, care and treatment occupancy and retirement home, shall be carried out to determine if there is sufficient supervisory staff:
    1. To respond to the room of fire origin, remove occupant(s) from the room and close the room door within the time approved in item 1(a)(i),
    2. To evacuate residents/patients from the zone or floor area containing the room of fire origin to the next point of safety, within the time approved in item 1(a)(ii), and
    3. To carry out other duties in the approved fire safety plan that may be necessary within the context of the fire drill.
  3. The fire safety inspection required by Ontario Regulation 364/13 for every care occupancy, care and treatment occupancy and retirement home, shall be carried out to assess compliance with the provisions of Annex B.  A different form than the one located in Annex B may be used provided that it collects all of the information required by the form in Annex B.

Note:  The fire drill and the fire safety inspection are not required to be undertaken on the same day.

Rationale

This directive, in support of requirements in the Fire Code and in Ontario Regulation 364/13, establishes a uniform fire safety standard for vulnerable occupancies through fire service and owner/operator participation in annual fire drills and confirmation of compliance with key fire safety elements.

Ross Nichols
Fire Marshal of Ontario, and
Chief of Emergency Management
May 9, 2016

 

FIRE MARSHAL’S DIRECTIVE:  2014-002

(revised May 9, 2016)

ANNEX A

Fire Drill Scenario

Purpose:

The purpose of this document is to assist Chief Fire Officials and owners/operators of buildings that contain care occupancies, care and treatment occupancies and retirement homes address the provisions of Sentence 2.8.3.2.(6) of Division B of the Fire Code.

Background:

Sentence 2.8.3.2.(6) of Division B of the Fire Code requires that once every 12 months, a fire drill in care occupancies, care and treatment occupancies and retirement homes be carried out using a scenario representing the lowest staffing levels that might be encountered in the facility.  This scenario must be approved by the Chief Fire Official in advance of the fire drill.  The purpose of the drill is to confirm compliance with Sentence 2.8.2.2.(1) which requires that there be sufficient supervisory staff to carry out the duties in the fire safety plan.

The annual fire drill required by Sentence 2.8.3.2.(6) should be based on a probable fire scenario that would provide the greatest evacuation challenge for staff.  Ontario fire loss statistics reveal that fires starting in resident/patient rooms tend to be the most serious in that they account for the largest number of fire deaths in vulnerable occupancies.  Typically, night time hours represent the time during which staffing levels are at the lowest levels.  As a result, a scenario based on a fire originating in a patient/resident room during night time hours would constitute an effective annual fire drill exercise. 

It should be noted that the fire drill is a simulation of a fire occurrence and although the number of staff and their location in the facility should replicate night time conditions, the drill itself can be undertaken on any day, at any time.  Furthermore, owner/operators may consider the use of proxies in lieu of actual residents/patients for participation in the drill.  Additionally, in hospitals, proxy locations should be used in situations where conducting a drill in an inpatient unit may put patients at risk.

In keeping with the objective of developing a probable fire scenario that poses evacuation challenges, the zone or floor area chosen to demonstrate the fire drill should be one that includes either the largest number of residents/patients or a large number of residents/patients that require the greatest assistance with evacuation.  In facilities with a variety of sleeping arrangements, the sleeping room chosen to be the room of fire origin within the selected zone or floor area should be one occupied by non-ambulatory resident(s)/patient(s) with more than one occupant, where applicable.

The fire drill should demonstrate staff responding to the resident/patient room of fire origin, the removal or assistance of the occupant(s) from the room, and the closing of the door to the room. 

Similarly, evacuation of residents/patients in the zone/floor area outside the room of origin to the nearest point of safety should also be undertaken as part of the drill.  This portion of the drill should demonstrate that evacuation can be accomplished while conditions within the corridor remain safe.  The following are considered points of safety for this portion of the drill:

  • Outside the building
  • Exit stairwell separated from the remainder of the building with fire separations rated for at least 30 minutes, and
  • Adjacent zone where floor is divided into zones by fire separations rated for at least 30 minutes

The times available to safely carry out these critical duties are determined in advance of the fire drill and constitute a critical part of the scenario.  The ability of staff to carry out these duties within these times needs to be verified during the drill so as to establish that the provisions of Sentence 2.8.2.2.(1) are satisfied for the scenario.

The fire drill begins with activating the fire alarm system and ends when all residents/patients that require assistance have reached a point of safety.

The following form is to be used for the fire drill scenario.  A different form may be used provided that it collects all of the information required in the following form.

Additional information is available on the OFMEM website at:  www.ofm.gov.on.ca/english/FireMarshal/CareOccupanciesCareandTreatmentOccupanciesRetirementHomes/QuestionandAnswers/QandAsFireCode.html

Fire Drill Scenario Form

Parts A, B and C to be completed by Owner/Operator

Parts D to be completed by the Chief Fire Official with the authority to approve the fire drill scenario

Part E to be completed by the Inspector witnessing the fire drill

PART A – PROPERTY PROFILE

 

Owner: ____________________________________________

Operator: ___________________________________________
(if different from above)

Address:____________________________________________

City/Town: ____________________

Postal Code:______________

Contact Name: ________________________________________
(please print)

Contact number: ___________________

Contact e-mail: _______________________________

 

OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION

Check the appropriate occupancy classification:

□    Care Occupancy

□    Care and Treatment Occupancy

□    Retirement Home regulated under the Retirement Homes Act, 2010

PART B – PROPOSED FIRE DRILL

Step 1 – Develop a Scenario Representing Lowest Staffing Level Complement

  1. Select a zone/floor area of fire origin involving residents/patients in resident/patient rooms that poses the greatest evacuation challenge for staff.

    Floor # : _______

    Zone : ________

    Number of residents/patients in the selected zone/floor area that will require evacuation to a point of safety:  ________

  2. Select a resident/patient room within this zone/floor area that would represent the room of fire origin.

     

    Room # : _______

    Total residents/patients in the room: ________

  3. Identify the point of safety to which residents/patients in the zone/floor area of fire origin will be evacuated.

     

    □    Outside Building

    □    Exit stairwell (minimum 30 minutes fire resistance rating)

    □    Adjacent Zone (minimum 30 minutes fire resistance rating)

  4. Specify the time of day that represents the lowest staffing level complement and the number of staff available at that time to respond to the room of fire origin.

     

    Time of Day : _______

    Number of staff available to respond: ________

Step 2 – Determine Time Available for Closing the Door to the Room of Fire Origin

  1. Using the table below, enter the time required for detecting a fire in the room of fire origin.

    Fire detection time (A):  _______ minutes

  2. Enter the time period during which the suite or room of fire origin is safe to enter.

    Choose 2.5 minutes for an unsprinklered room or 5 minutes for a sprinklered room.

    Time room is safe to enter (B):  _______ minutes

  3. Calculate the time available for staff, following activation of the alarm, to carry out the duties required in the fire safety plan leading up to and including closing the door to the room of fire origin

    Time available (C):  _______ minutes, where C = B - A

Fire Detection Times

Detection Method

Time to Detect1 (min)

Smoke alarm/detector in small bedroom (12x12 ft.) (3.66x3.66 m.)

0.25 - 0.50

Smoke alarm/detector in medium to large room (15x20 to 25x25 ft.) (4.6x6.1m to 7.6x7.6 m.)

0.25 - 0.75

Smoke detector in corridor, with fire initiating in adjacent bedroom with open door, based on smoke detector spacing of 30x30 ft. (9.1x9.1 m.)

0.50 - 1.50

Smoke detector in corridor, with fire initiating in adjacent small bedroom with closed solid-core wood door, based on smoke detector spacing of 30x30 ft. (9.1x9.1 m.)

2.66 – 5.00

135°F heat detector in small bedroom (12x12 ft.)  (3.66x3.66 m.)

0.66 - 1.50

135°F heat detector in medium to large room (15x20 to 25x25 ft.) (4.6x6.1m to 7.6x7.6m.)

0.66 - 2.50

135°F heat detector in corridor outside small bedroom with door open

2.00 - 3.30

135°F heat detector in corridor outside small bedroom of fire origin with closed solid-core wood door

15.00 - 18.00

135°-165°F residential type sprinkler system in a bedroom based on sprinkler spacing of 15x15 ft. (4.6x4.6 m.)

1.50 - 2.50

1    The higher value should be used unless a lower value is known for the specific detection device.

PART B – PROPOSED FIRE DRILL, continued

Step 3 – Determine Time Available to Evacuate Occupants in the Zone/Floor Area of Fire Origin to a Point of Safety Following Closing the Door to the Room of Fire Origin

 
  1. Enter the fire rating of the door to the room of fire origin from the following information:
    • Wood panel or Hollow-core wood door in wood or steel frame – 5 minutes
    • 45 mm thick solid-core wood in wood or metal frame – 15 minutes
    • Steel door in wood frame – 15 minutes
    • 20-min.labelled door in 20 min labelled frame – 20 minutes
    • Steel door in steel frame – 30 minutes
    • 45 min labelled door in 45 min labelled frame – 45 minutes

    Door rating (D) _______ minutes

  2. Enter the water supply duration for automatic sprinklers from the following information:

    • No sprinklers = 0 minutes
    • Sprinklers designed to NFPA 13D = 20 minutes
    • Sprinklers designed to NFPA 13R = 30 minutes
    • Sprinklers designed to NFPA 13 = 30 minutes
    • Municipal water supply to sprinklers = 60 minutes

    Sprinkler system water supply duration (E) ________ minutes

  3. Calculate the time available for staff, following closing of the door to the room of fire origin, to carry out the duties required in the fire safety plan leading up to and including evacuating residents/patients that require assistance to the point of safety

    (F) ________ minutes, where F = D+E

Proposed Fire Drill Date ___________________________________

Proposed Alternate Date ____________________________________

PART C – SUBMISSION TO FIRE DEPARTMENT

Parts A, B and C prepared by:___________________________________

and submitted to the Chief Fire Officials on: ____________________________________

PART D – CHIEF FIRE OFFICIAL APPROVAL

Fire Drill Scenario Approved By:

___________________________________    on    _______________________________
Print Name Date

 

Proposed Fire Drill Dates Approved By:

___________________________________    on    _______________________________
Print Name Date

PART E – OBSERVATION OF FIRE DRILL

Step

Time Available

Time Required

Were the duties completed within the time available(1)

Carrying out the duties required in the fire safety plan leading up to and including closing the door to the room of fire origin

Enter time C

_____ Minutes

Enter time measured during the drill

_____ Minutes

□  Yes

□   No

Carry out the duties required in the fire safety plan leading up to and including evacuating residents / patients that require assistance to the point of safety

Enter time F

_____ Minutes

Enter time measured during the drill

_____ Minutes

□  Yes

□    No

(1) There is sufficient staff to carry out the duties under the approved fire drill scenario if the answer is yes for both steps.

Fire Drill observed by inspector: ___________________________________
Print Name

On: ___________________________________

Footnote

Section 6.6 of technical guideline OFMEM-TG-03-2016 provides guidance on adjustments that may be considered if the fire drill determines that there is insufficient staff to carry out the duties required to complete step 2 or step 3.

 

FIRE MARSHAL’S DIRECTIVE: 2014-002

Annex B

Annual Inspection Checklist for Care Occupancies, Care and Treatment Occupancies, and Retirement Homes

As prescribed by Ontario Regulation 364/13 and by Fire Marshal’s Directive 2014-002 upon receipt of notice of a fire drill in a care occupancy, care and treatment occupancy, or retirement home as described in Article 2.8.3.3., Division B of the Fire Code, the fire chief or other identified responsible person must ensure a fire safety inspection is carried out. (see TG-01-2012 Fire Safety Inspections and Enforcement and PFSG 04-40D-03 Inspections upon Request or Complaint)

This checklist represents the minimum expected level of inspection to be conducted annually as prescribed in Ontario Regulation 364/13.

Please note that the absence of observed deficiencies during the inspection does not relieve the owner from their obligation to be in compliance with all applicable Fire Code requirements not specifically identified in the checklist below.

Building Name

Building Occupancy type, on file  

□   Care Occupancy

□   Care and Treatment Occupancy

□   Retirement Home regulated under the Retirement Homes Act, 2010

Building Address

Inspection Date: ________________________

Next Inspection Date due by: ______________

Date of Construction: ________________

Date of Additions: ___________________

Date of Renovations: _________________
 

Building Height:   ______________    storeys

Building Area:    ______________    m2

Construction:   Combustible         □  

                          Non-combustible  □

Sprinklered:       Yes    □         No     □

Name of Owner or Authorized Agent

Inspector Name

Address of Owner or Authorized Agent

Inspector Name Phone Number

e-mail address of Owner or Authorized Agent

Inspector Name Mailing Address

A. EXTERIOR

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.4.1.1.

(6) Outdoor storage receptacles, such as dumpsters, used for combustible materials shall be located so that they do not create a fire hazard to buildings.

2

2.5.1.2.

(1) Fire access routes and access panels or windows provided to facilitate access for firefighting operations shall not be obstructed by vehicles, gates, fences, building materials, vegetation, signs or any other form of obstruction.

3

2.5.1.2.

(2) Fire department sprinkler and standpipe connections shall be clearly identified and maintained free of obstructions for use at all times.

4

2.5.1.3.

Fire access routes shall be maintained so as to be immediately ready for use at all times by fire department vehicles.

5

6.6.4.3.

Hydrants shall be readily available and unobstructed for use at all times.

B.  CONFIRMATION OF FIRE SAFETY PLAN MEASURES

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.8.1.2.

(1) Supervisory staff shall be instructed in the fire emergency procedures as described in the fire safety plan before they are given any responsibility for fire safety.

2

2.8.2.1.

(1) A fire safety plan shall be prepared, approved and implemented in buildings and premises to which this Section applies.

3

2.8.2.1.

(2) A fire safety plan shall:

2.8.2.1.

(a) provide for the emergency procedures to be used in case of fire, including:

2.8.2.1.

(i)   sounding the fire alarm,

2.8.2.1.

(ii)  notifying the fire department,

2.8.2.1.

(iii) instructing occupants on procedures to be followed when the fire alarm sounds,

2.8.2.1.

(iv) evacuating occupants, including special provisions for persons requiring assistance,

2.8.2.1.

 (v) procedures for use of elevators, and

2.8.2.1.

(vi) confining, controlling and extinguishing the fire

4

2.8.2.1.

(b) provide for the appointment and organization of supervisory staff to carry out fire safety duties,

5

2.8.2.1.

(c) provide for the training of supervisory staff and the instruction of other occupants in their responsibilities for fire safety

6

2.8.2.1.

(3) The fire safety plan shall be kept in the building in an approved location.

7

2.8.2.3.

see

Section N for a description of high buildings addressed by Subsection 3.2.6.

(1) The fire safety plan in buildings within the scope of Subsection 3.2.6. of Division B of the Building Code shall, in addition to the requirements of Sentence 2.8.2.1.(2), include

(a)  the instruction of supervisory staff on the use of the voice communication system,

(b)  the action to be taken by supervisory staff in initiating any smoke control or other fire emergency systems installed in a building in the event of fire until the fire department arrives,

(c)   the procedures established to facilitate fire department access to the building and fire location within the building, and

(d)  the instructions for the supervisory staff and fire department for the operation of the fire emergency systems.

8

2.8.2.4.

A copy of the fire emergency procedures and other duties for supervisory staff as laid down in the fire safety plan shall be given to all supervisory staff.

C.  RECORDS MANAGEMENT

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

1.1.2.1.

(1) If a test, corrective measure or operational procedure required by this Code is conducted, a written record shall be prepared noting what was done and the date and time it was done.

1.1.2.1.

(2) If an inspection required by this Code is conducted in a supported group living residence or an intensive support residence regulated under the Services and Supports to Promote the Social Inclusion of Persons with Developmental Disabilities Act, 2008, a written record shall be prepared noting what was inspected and the date and time of the inspection

2

1.1.2.2.

Refer to Appendix A for list of minimum check/ inspect/ test requirements

(1) Subject to Sentence (2), the original or a copy of any record required by this Code shall be retained at the building to which the record relates

(a)  for a period of at least two years after being prepared, and

(b)  so that at least the most recent and the immediately preceding record of a given test or inspection are retained.

(2) The initial verification or test reports for fire protection systems installed after November 21, 2007 shall be retained throughout the life of the systems, regardless of whether the systems are installed in accordance with this Code or the Building Code.

D.  EARLY WARNING EQUIPMENT

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

6.3.1.1.

Access to fire alarm and voice communication system components requiring inspection or servicing shall be kept unobstructed.

2

6.3.1.4.

Fire alarm and voice communication systems shall be maintained in operating condition.

3

6.3.2.6.

(2) Interconnected smoke alarms shall be tested and maintained in operating condition in conformance with CAN/ULC-S552, “Standard for the Maintenance and Testing of Smoke Alarms”, and as required by this Article.

4

6.3.3.3.

(1) Smoke alarms shall be maintained in operating condition.

(2) Primary and secondary power supplies that serve smoke alarms shall be maintained in operating condition.

(3) If the Building Code requires a visual signalling component that is integral with or connected to a smoke alarm, the visual signalling component shall be maintained in operating condition.

5

6.3.3.4.

The landlord of each rental suite shall give the tenant a copy of the smoke alarm manufacturer’s maintenance instructions or approved alternative maintenance instructions.

E.  FIRE SUPPRESSION EQUIPMENT

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

6.2.1.2.

Portable extinguishers shall be kept operable and fully charged.

2

6.2.1.3.

(1) Portable extinguishers shall be located so that they are easily seen and shall be accessible at all times, except as permitted in Sentences (2) and (3).

3

6.5.1.5.

(1) No obstructions shall be placed so as to interfere with the effectiveness of water discharge from sprinklers.

4

6.5.1.5.

(2) Sprinkler systems shall not be used to support anything that will interfere with effective sprinkler system performance.

F.  EMERGENCY LIGHTING

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.7.1.7.

(2) Lighting provided for illumination in exits and access to exits, including corridors used by the public, shall be maintained.

2

2.7.3.1.

Required exit signs shall be clearly visible and maintained in a clean and legible condition.

3

2.7.3.2.

(1) Exit signs shall be illuminated, externally or internally, as appropriate for each sign’s design, while the building is occupied.

G.  SPECIAL FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

6.8.1.1.

(7) Operating and maintenance instructions for a special fire suppression system shall be posted in proximity to the equipment and, if manual controls are provided, shall also be posted near the manual controls.

2

6.8.1.1.

(8) Valves and controls for a special fire suppression system shall be clearly marked to indicate their function and shall be accessible at all times.

3

6.8.2.3.

Extinguishing agent containers provided for special fire suppression systems shall be fully charged with the proper quantity of extinguishing agent and the necessary operating pressure maintained.

H.  KITCHENS

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.6.1.14.

(1) Instructions for manually operating the fire protection systems required under Article 2.6.1.12. shall be posted conspicuously in the kitchen.

2

2.6.1.14.

(2) The instructions required in Sentence (1) shall be included in the fire safety plan where such a plan is required.

3

6.2.1.2.

Portable extinguishers shall be kept operable and fully charged.

4

6.2.6.12.

(1) Portable extinguishers suitable for Class K fires shall be provided to protect cooking operations.

5

6.2.6.12.

(2) Sentence (1) does not apply to cooking operations protected by wet chemical or dry chemical extinguishers not listed for Class K fires that met the requirements of this Code on December 31, 2014, as it read on that day, unless the extinguishers

(a)  become due for an internal examination or hydrostatic test under Subsection 6.2.7.,

(b)  require recharging due to use, or

(c)  become damaged.

I.  CORRIDORS

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.2.2.1.

Where fire separations between rooms, corridors, shafts and other spaces are damaged so as to affect the integrity of their fire‑resistance rating, the damaged fire separations shall be repaired so that the integrity of the fire separations is maintained.

2

2.2.3.1.

Where closures are damaged so as to affect the integrity of their fire‑protection rating, the damaged closures shall be repaired so that the integrity of the closures is maintained.

3

2.2.3.2.

(1) Closures in fire separations shall be maintained to ensure that they are operable at all times by

(a)  keeping fusible links and heat or smoke-actuated devices undamaged and free of paint and dirt,

(b)  keeping guides, bearings and stay rolls clean and lubricated,

(c)  making necessary adjustments and repairs to door hardware and accessories to ensure proper closing and latching, and

(d)  repairing or replacing inoperative parts of hold-open devices and automatic releasing devices.

4

2.2.3.3.

Closures in fire separations shall not be obstructed, blocked, wedged open, or altered in any way that would prevent the intended operation of the closure.

5

2.3.2.1.

(1) Drapes, curtains, netting, and other similar or decorative materials, including textiles and films used in buildings, shall meet the requirements of CAN/ULC-S109, “Flame Tests of Flame‑Resistant Fabrics and Films”, when these materials are used in any

(a)  care and treatment occupancy and detention occupancy,

6

2.3.2.1.

(2) Existing drapes, curtains, netting, and other similar or decorative materials, including textiles and films used in buildings which meet the requirements for a high degree of flame resistance as described in NOTE 4 of Test Method 27.1 of CAN2-4.2, “Textile Test Methods” are deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (1).

7

2.4.1.1.

(1) Combustible materials shall not be accumulated in or around a building in such quantity or such location as to create a fire hazard.

8

2.4.1.1.

(2) Combustible materials shall not be accumulated in any part of an elevator shaft, ventilation shaft, means of egress, service room or service space, unless the location, room or space is designed for those materials.

9

2.7.1.7.

(1) Means of egress shall be maintained in good repair and free of obstructions.  (Note that Article 2.4.1.2. applies only to Hotels)

10

2.7.2.2.

(1) Subject to Sentences (2) and (3), locking, latching and other fastening devices shall be such that a door can be readily opened from the inside with no more than one releasing operation and without requiring keys, special devices or specialized knowledge of the door opening mechanism on,

(b)  every door that is in an access to exit and that opens into or is located within

(i)   a public corridor,

(ii)  a facility that provides access to exit from a suite,

or

(iii) a facility that provides access to exit from a room serving patients or residents in a care occupancy or care and treatment occupancy.

J.  EXIT STAIRS

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.2.2.1.

Where fire separations between rooms, corridors, shafts and other spaces are damaged so as to affect the integrity of their fire-resistance rating, the damaged fire separations shall be repaired so that the integrity of the fire separations is maintained.

2

2.2.3.1.

Where closures are damaged so as to affect the integrity of their fire‑protection rating, the damaged closures shall be repaired so that the integrity of the closures is maintained

3

2.2.3.2.

(1) Closures in fire separations shall be maintained to ensure that they are operable at all times by

(a)  keeping fusible links and heat or smoke-actuated devices undamaged and free of paint and dirt,

(b)  keeping guides, bearings and stay rolls clean and lubricated,

(c)  making necessary adjustments and repairs to door hardware and accessories to ensure proper closing and latching, and

(d)  repairing or replacing inoperative parts of hold-open devices and automatic releasing devices.

4

2.2.3.3.

Closures in fire separations shall not be obstructed, blocked, wedged open, or altered in any way that would prevent the intended operation of the closure.

5

2.7.2.2.

(1) Subject to Sentences (2) and (3), locking, latching and other fastening devices shall be such that a door can be readily opened from the inside with no more than one releasing operation and without requiring keys, special devices or specialized knowledge of the door opening mechanism on,

(a)  every exit door required by this Code

K.  OXYGEN, COMPRESSED GAS

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.15.1.2.

Storage, handling and use of portable oxygen systems shall be in conformance with CSA-Z305.12, “Safe Storage, Handling, and Use of Portable Oxygen Systems in Residential Buildings and Health Care Facilities”.

2

5.6.1.2.

(1) Cylinders containing compressed gas shall be protected against mechanical damage.

3

5.6.1.2.

(2) Cylinders containing compressed gas shall be stored to hold them securely in place

(a)  on racks,

(b)  by nesting, or

(c)  by approved methods or devices.

L.  CONTROL OF HAZARDS

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

2.4.1.5.

Lint traps in laundry equipment shall be cleaned to prevent the accumulation of lint that creates an undue fire hazard.

2

2.4.4.1.

(2) Open flames shall not be used in dining areas in care and treatment occupancies and care occupancies.

3

2.4.4.2.

(1) Flaming meals or drinks shall not be served in care and treatment occupancies and care occupancies.

4

2.4.6.1.

Temporary electrical wiring shall not be used where it presents a fire hazard.

M.  FIRE EMERGENCY SYSTEMS IN HIGH BUILDINGS

Note:  For the purposes of this Checklist, a “High Building” is one where the building:

  • has a Group B major occupancy in which the floor level of the highest storey of that major occupancy is more than 18 m above grade;
  • has a floor area or part of a floor area located above the 3rd storey occupied as either a care or care and treatment occupancy, or
  • has a Group C major occupancy whose floor level is more than 18 m above grade

Notes:  Where the facility meets the description of a High Building (ref. Article 3.2.6.1., Div. B of the Building Code), Refer to Appendix B for the appropriate Inspection Checklist specific to this Section

N.  RETROFIT (PART 9)

(Compliance with key Items in Sections 9.4 and 9.7 should be confirmed in accordance with compliance time frames described in Article 9.1.3.1., of Div. B of the Fire Code)

Subject to compliance with:

     □  Section 9.4 Health Care Facilities [licensed]

     □  Section 9.7 Buildings with a Care Occupancy or Retirement Home

Section 9.4 Health Care Facilities

ID

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

Where applicable, building is compliant with Section 9.4 requirements

2

Where applicable, building is compliant with Section 9.4 retrofit enhancements (refer to Appendix C)

Section 9.7 Buildings with a Care Occupancy or Retirement Home

ID

Observed Deficiencies

Yes

No

N/A

1

Where applicable, building is compliant with Section 9.5 requirements

2

Where applicable, building is compliant with Section 9.6 requirements

3

Where applicable, building is compliant with Section 9.7 retrofit enhancements (refer to Appendix C)

APPENDIX A - RECORDS MANAGEMENT

Part 2 Fire Safety

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

1

2.6.1.12.

(1) A cooking operation producing smoke or grease-laden vapours shall be provided with an exhaust system and fire protection system in accordance with NFPA 96, “Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations”.

2

2.6.1.13.

Exhaust and fire protection systems required under Article 2.6.1.12. shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 96, “Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations”.

3

2.7.3.3.

(1) Pilot lights on emergency lighting unit equipment shall be checked monthly for operation.

4

2.7.3.3.

(2) Emergency lighting unit equipment shall be inspected monthly to ensure that

(a) the terminal connections are clean, free of corrosion and lubricated when necessary,

(b)  the terminal clamps are clean and tight as per manufacturer’s specifications,

(c)  the electrolyte level and specific gravity are maintained as per manufacturer’s specifications, and

(d)  the battery surface is kept clean and dry.

5

2.7.3.3.

(3) Emergency lighting unit equipment shall be tested

(a) monthly to ensure that the emergency lights will function upon failure of the primary power supply, and

(b) annually to ensure that the unit will provide emergency lighting for a duration equal to the design criteria under simulated power failure conditions.

6

2.7.3.3.

(4) After completion of the test required in Clause (3)(b), the charging conditions for voltage and current and the recovery period shall be tested to ensure that the charging system is in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.

7

2.7.3.3.

(5) Except as provided in Sentences (1) to (4), emergency lights shall be inspected at intervals not greater than 12 months to ensure that they are functional.

8

2.7.3.3.

(6) Where emergency power for the lights referred to in Sentence (5) is provided from a system of batteries, the batteries shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the procedures set out in Sentences (2) to (4).

9

2.8.2.1.

(4) The fire safety plan shall be reviewed as often as necessary, but at least every 12 months, and shall be revised as necessary so that it takes into account changes in the use or other characteristics of the building or premises.

10

2.8.2.1.

(6) The revised fire safety plan prepared under Sentence (4) or (5) shall be implemented.

11

2.8.2.1.

(7) In the case of a care occupancy, care and treatment occupancy and retirement home, any training of supervisory staff carried out under a fire safety plan shall be recorded.

12

2.8.2.1.

(8) The original or a copy of at least the most recent and the immediately preceding record referred to in Sentence (7) shall be retained in the building for a period of at least two years after being prepared and shall be made available to the Chief Fire Official for examination on request.

13

2.8.3.2.

(1) Subject to Sentences (2), (3), (4) and (5), a fire drill shall be held for the supervisory staff at least once during each 12‑month period.          

14

2.8.3.2.

(2) A fire drill shall be held for the supervisory staff at least monthly in

(b)  a care occupancy,

(c)  a care and treatment occupancy,

15

2.8.3.2.

(5) A fire drill for supervisory staff shall be held at least every three months in a building to which Subsection 3.2.6. of Division B of the Building Code applies.

16

2.8.3.2.

(6) In addition to the requirements of Sentence (2), in a care occupancy, a care and treatment occupancy or a retirement home, a fire drill for supervisory staff shall be carried out at least once during each 12-month period for an approved scenario representing the lowest staffing level complement in the occupancy in order to confirm that the requirements of Sentence 2.8.2.2.(1) have been met.

Part 6 Fire Protection Equipment

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

1

6.2.7.2.

Portable extinguishers shall be inspected monthly.

2

6.2.7.4.

(1) Each portable extinguisher shall have a tag securely attached to it showing the maintenance or recharge date, the servicing agency and the signature of the person who performed the service.

3

6.2.7.4.

(2) Sentence (1) does not apply where other approved records are maintained that show the maintenance or recharge date, the servicing agency and the signature of the person who performed the service.

4

6.2.7.5.  

A permanent record containing the maintenance date, the examiner’s name and a description of any maintenance work or hydrostatic testing carried out shall be prepared and maintained for each portable extinguisher.

5

6.2.7.9.

(1) Where a portable extinguisher is tested, a label shall be fixed to the extinguisher after testing that indicates the month and year the hydrostatic pressure test was performed, the test pressure used and the name of the person or agency performing the test.

6

6.2.7.9.

(2) Sentence (1) does not apply where a permanent record of the test is kept and is available to the fire department.

7

6.3.1.2.

(2) Where the fire alarm system monitoring referred to in Sentence (1) is provided by a central station, the building owner shall obtain written documentation from the central station operator that the monitoring service complies with

(a) NFPA 71, “Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Signaling Systems for Central Station Service”, or

(b) CAN/ULC-S561, “Installation and Services for Fire Signal Receiving Centres and Systems”.

8

6.3.2.2.

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), a fire alarm system, with or without voice communication capability, shall be inspected and tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S536, “Inspection and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems”.

9

6.3.2.2.

(2) Despite Clause 5.7.4.1.6. of CAN/ULC-S536, “Inspection and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems”, a UL listed smoke detector sensitivity instrument may be used to conduct annual sensitivity testing of smoke detectors.

10

6.3.2.4.

Voice communication systems that are integrated with a fire alarm system shall be tested in conformance with CAN/ULC‑S536, “Inspection and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems”.

11

6.3.2.6.

(3) The power supply shall be checked weekly.

12

6.3.2.6.

(4) The operability of the interconnected system shall be confirmed monthly, by testing at least one smoke alarm using its test function, on a rotational basis.

13

6.3.2.6.

(5) Where installed, each manual pull station shall be tested to ensure activation of the interconnected smoke alarms on an annual basis.

14

6.3.2.6.

(6) Written records shall be kept of weekly checks of the power supply for at least six months after they are made, and be available upon request to the Chief Fire Official.

15

6.3.2.6.

(7) Monthly and annual tests shall be recorded and kept in accordance with Article 1.1.2.1.

16

6.4.3.1.

(1) Standpipe systems that have been modified, extended or are being restored to service after a period of disuse exceeding one year shall be tested in conformance with Articles 6.4.3.2. to 6.4.3.5.

17

6.4.3.2.

Standpipe system piping shall be hydrostatically tested at a pressure of not less than 1400 kPa (gauge) for 2 h, or at 350 kPa (gauge) in excess of the normal hydrostatic pressure when the normal hydrostatic pressure is in excess of 1050 kPa (gauge).

18

6.4.3.3.

Piping between the fire department connection and the check valve in the inlet pipe to the standpipe shall be tested in the same manner as the remainder of the system.

19

6.4.3.4.

(1) Underground mains and connections shall be tested for 2 h at a hydrostatic pressure of 350 kPa (gauge) in excess of the maximum hydrostatic pressure in service, but not less than 1400 kPa (gauge).

20

6.4.3.4.

(2) Leakage during the test shall not exceed 2 L/h per 100 joints for pipe laid with rubber gasketted joints, and 30 mL/h per 25 mm of pipe diameter per joint for pipe laid with caulked lead or lead substitute joints.

21

6.4.3.5.

Flow and pressure tests shall be conducted at the highest and most remote hose valve or hose connection to ensure that the water supply for standpipes is provided as originally designed.

22

6.5.1.1.

(2) Compliance with the inspection, testing and maintenance provisions of NFPA 25, “Standard for the Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems”, for sprinkler systems is deemed to satisfy the requirements of Subsections 6.5.4., to 6.5.6.

23

6.5.5.3.

Water flow alarm tests using the most hydraulically remote test connection shall be performed annually on wet sprinkler systems.

24

6.5.5.5.

Sprinkler system water supply pressure shall be tested annually with the main drain valve fully open to ensure that there are no obstructions or deterioration of the main water supply.

25

6.5.5.6.

The test prescribed in Article 6.5.5.5. shall be conducted after any sprinkler system control valve has been operated.

26

6.6.3.5.

Fire pumps shall be tested annually at full rated capacity to ensure that they are capable of delivering the rated flow.

27

6.7.1.1.

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), and Articles 6.7.1.2. to 6.7.1.5., emergency power systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in conformance with CSA-C282, “Emergency Electrical Power Supply for Buildings”.

28

6.7.1.1.

(2) An emergency electrical power supply system for emergency equipment in hospitals shall be inspected, tested and maintained in conformance with CSA-Z32, “Electrical Safety and Essential Electrical Systems in Health Care Facilities”.

29

6.7.1.3.

Despite the requirements of Article 1.1.2.1., written records shall be maintained as required in CSA-C282, “Emergency Electrical Power Supply for Buildings”.

30

6.8.2.2.

Written records shall be kept of inspections, maintenance and testing in conformance with Article 1.1.2.1. [special fire suppression systems]

APPENDIX B – MAINTENTANCE OF FIRE EMERGENCY SYSTEMS IN HIGH BUILDINGS

For the purposes of this Checklist, a “High Building” is one where the building:

  • has a Group B major occupancy in which the floor level of the highest storey of that major occupancy is more than 18 m above grade;
  • has a floor area or part of a floor area located above the 3rd storey occupied as either a B2 or B3 occupancy, or
  • has a Group C major occupancy whose floor level is more than 18 m above grade

Elevators

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

1

7.2.2.1.

(1) Elevator door-opening devices operated by means of photo-electric cells shall be tested to ensure that the devices become inoperative after the door has been held open for more than 20 s with the photo-electric cell covered.

2

7.2.2.1.

(2) Key-operated switches located outside an elevator shaft shall be tested to ensure that actuation of the switch will render the emergency stop switch in each car inoperative and bring all cars to the street floor or transfer lobby by cancelling all other calls after the car has stopped at the next floor at which it can make a normal stop.

3

7.2.2.1.

(3) Key-operated switches in each elevator car shall be tested to ensure that actuation of the switch will

(a)  enable the elevator to operate independently of other elevators,

(b)  allow operation of the elevator without interference from floor call buttons,

(c)  render door protective devices inoperative, and

(d)  control the opening of power-operated doors only by continuous pressure on the door-opening buttons or switches, to ensure that if the “OPEN” button or switch is released while the door is opening, the doors will automatically close.

Venting to Aid Fire Fighting

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

4

7.2.3.1.

(1) Closures in vent openings into smoke shafts from each floor area shall be inspected sequentially over a period not to exceed five years.

5

7.2.3.1.

(2) Every closure in an opening to the outdoors at the top of a smoke shaft shall be inspected annually to ensure that it will open

(a)  manually from outside the building,

(b)  on a signal from the smoke or heat actuated device in the smoke shaft, and

(c)  when a closure in an opening between a floor area and the smoke shaft opens.

 6

7.2.3.1.

(3) In addition to the procedures described in Sentences (1) and (2), elevators in an elevator shaft that is intended for use as a smoke shaft shall be inspected semi-annually to ensure that on activation of the fire alarm system they will return to the street floor and remain inoperative.

7

7.2.3.1.

(4) Where an air-handling system is used for venting floor areas in the event of a fire to comply with the requirements of the Building Code, the system shall be inspected annually to ensure that air is exhausted to the outdoors.

Central Alarm and Control Facilities and Voice Communication Systems for Life Safety

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

8

7.2.4.1.

The checking, inspecting and testing of central alarm and control facilities and voice communication systems for life safety shall be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Section 6.3.

Maintenance

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

9

7.2.5.1.

(2) The keys required to recall elevators and to permit independent operation of each elevator shall be kept in the location required by the Building Code.

10

7.2.5.1.

(3) Firefighters’ elevators shall be maintained in operable condition.

11

7.2.5.1.

(4) The firefighters’ elevator symbol shall be maintained in identifiable condition.

12

7.2.5.1.

(5) Access to windows and panels required to vent floor areas and vents to vestibules permitted to be manually openable shall be kept free of obstructions.

13

7.2.5.1.

(6) Windows and panels provided for venting floor areas shall be maintained so as to be openable without the use of keys.

14

7.2.5.1.

(7) Vents to vestibules permitted to be manually openable shall be maintained in an operable condition.

Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Smoke Control Equipment

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Records maintained of check/inspect/test?

Record of deficiency corrected

Yes

No

15

7.3.1.1.

Smoke control equipment shall be maintained in a manner that ensures that it is fully operational.

16

7.3.1.2.

Where smoke control measures contained in Commentary C of NRC, User’s Guide – NBC 1995, “Fire Protection, Occupant Safety and Accessibility (Part 3)” are used, the inspections and tests shall be carried out as outlined in Section 7.3 in Division B of NRC, “National Fire Code of Canada”.

17

7.3.1.3.

(1) Subject to Sentences (2) to (5), where a smoke control system is designed to meet the requirements of the Building Code, the inspections and tests for equipment shall be carried out in accordance with procedures established by the designer of the system.

18

7.3.1.3.

(2) Where procedures described in Sentence (1) are not available, smoke control systems shall be assessed to ensure satisfactory operation using techniques described in MAH Supplementary Standard SB-4, “Measures for Fire Safety in High Buildings”.

19

7.3.1.3.

(3) Upon completion of the assessment described in Sentence (2), written procedures for periodic inspections and tests shall be established.

20

7.3.1.3.

(4) The procedures described in Sentence (3) shall bear the signature and seal of a Professional Engineer or Architect.

21

7.3.1.3.

(5) The inspections and tests established under Sentence (3) shall be implemented.

Appendix C – Part 9 Requirements
(Introduced by Ontario Regulation 150/13)

Section 9.4 Health Care Facilities

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observable Deficiencies Noted

Yes

No

N/A

1

9.4.5.5.

(1) Buildings containing a home described in Clause 9.4.1.1.(1)(a) or (b) that is a care occupancy or a care and treatment occupancy shall be sprinklered in conformance with Sentences (2) to (5).

2

9.4.5.5.

(2) Except as permitted in Sentence (3), an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems”.

3

9.4.5.5.

(3) In buildings not greater than 6 storeys in building height, sprinkler systems may be installed in accordance with NFPA 13R, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height”.

4

9.4.5.5.

(4) Sprinkler systems shall be equipped with local electric waterflow alarms.

5

9.4.5.5.

(5) If a fire pump is required by NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R, it shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 20, “Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection”, if it has a rated net head pressure greater than 280 kPa.

6

9.4.5.5.

(6) Buildings described in Sentence (1) that are sprinklered in conformance with Article 9.4.5.2. on January 1, 2014 are deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (1).

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2025

Section 9.7 Buildings with a Care Occupancy or Retirement Home

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. B)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observable Deficiencies Noted

Yes

No

N/A

7

9.7.1.3.

(1) In addition to the requirements of this Section,

(a)  a building not greater than 6 storeys in building height shall comply with Subsections 9.5.2. to 9.5.5., and

(b)  a building greater than 6 storeys in building height shall comply with Subsections 9.6.2. to 9.6.5.

8

9.7.1.3.

(2) Clause (1) (a) does not apply to a building not greater than 3 storeys in building height that provides sleeping accommodation for not more than four persons.

Note:  Compliance date has passed – technical requirements of Sections 9.5 and 9.6 are continued in Section 9.7.

9

9.7.2.1.

(1) Doors opening onto corridors that are access to exits and that serve resident suites, and resident sleeping rooms not within suites, in care occupancies and retirement homes shall be equipped with self-closing devices.

10

9.7.2.1.

(2) Sentence (1) does not apply

(a)  in buildings 3 storeys or less in building height that provide sleeping accommodation for 10 or fewer persons, and

(b)  in buildings where all of the corridors referred to in Sentence (1) are subdivided in accordance with Sentence (3).

11

9.7.2.1.

(3) The corridor subdivision referred to in Clause (2)(b) shall

(a)  subdivide the corridor into at least two zones using fire separations that contain smoke-tight doors equipped with self-closing devices that act as closures,

(b)  be arranged so that each subdivided corridor zone is able to accommodate, in addition to its own occupants, the occupants from any single adjacent zone, based on the requirements of 1.6 m2 per person, unless otherwise approved, and

(c)  be arranged so that the travel distance from any point in a subdivided corridor zone to an adjacent zone is no more than 15 m.

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2016

12

9.7.3.1.

(1) Emergency lighting shall be provided in exit stairways, public corridors and other principal access to exits.

13

9.7.3.1.

(2) The emergency lighting shall be

(a) designed to provide illumination for a duration of at least 30 min,

(b) supplied by a source of energy that is separate from the primary electrical supply for the building, and

(c) designed to be automatically activated when the power to the building is interrupted.

14

9.7.3.1.

(3) The emergency lighting shall provide illumination that is at least an average of 10 1x at floor or tread level or at least 1 watt / m2 of floor space.

15

9.7.3.1.

(4) Sentence (1) does not apply in buildings 3 storeys or less in building height that provide sleeping accommodation for 10 or fewer persons.

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2015

16

9.7.4.1.

(1) Fire alarm systems shall have provision for notifying the fire department in accordance with Article 3.2.4.7. of the 1990 Building Code that a fire alarm signal or alert signal has been activated.

17

9.7.4.1.

(2) Fire alarm systems equipped with a monitoring service that complies with CAN/ULC-S561, “Installation and Services for Fire Signal Receiving Centres and Systems” are deemed to comply with Sentence (1).

18

9.7.4.1.

(3) Sentence (1) does not apply to buildings equipped with an interconnected smoke alarm system.

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2015

19

9.7.4.2.

(1)  Sprinkler systems required by this Section shall have provision for notifying the fire department in accordance with Article 3.2.4.7. of the 1990 Building Code that the sprinkler system has been activated.

20

9.7.4.2.

(2)  Sprinkler systems equipped with a monitoring service that complies with CAN/ULC-S561, “Installation and Services for Fire Signal Receiving Centres and Systems” are deemed to comply with Sentence (1).

21

9.7.4.2.

(3) Sentence (1) does not apply where the fire alarm system or interconnected smoke alarm system has provision for notifying the fire department in accordance with Article 3.2.4.7. of the 1990 Building Code that a fire alarm signal or alert signal has been activated.

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2015

22

9.7.4.3.

(1) A smoke alarm shall be installed in each suite and in each sleeping room not within a suite.

23

9.7.4.3.

(2) Smoke alarms shall be installed with permanent connections to an electrical circuit and shall have no disconnect switch between the overcurrent device and the smoke alarm.

24

9.7.4.3.

(3) Battery-operated smoke alarms are deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (2).

25

9.7.4.3.

(4) Smoke alarms required in Sentence (1) shall conform to CAN/ULC‑S531, “Standard for Smoke Alarms”.

26

9.7.4.3.

(5) Smoke alarms required in Sentence (1) shall be installed in accordance with CAN/ULC-S553, “Standard for the Installation of Smoke‑Alarms”.

27

9.7.4.3.

(6) REVOKED

28

9.7.4.3.

(7) A smoke detector that is installed in each suite and in each sleeping room not within a suite is deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (1) if it is connected to a fire alarm system.

Note:  Compliance date is March 1, 2014

29

9.7.4.4.

(1) A voice communication system conforming to Article 3.2.4.22. of the 1990 Building Code shall be provided in every building where a floor area that is more than 18 metres above grade contains a care occupancy or a retirement home.

30

9.7.4.4.

COMPLIANCE OPTIONS

(2) A voice communication system is deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (1) if it

(a)  consists of loudspeakers operated from,

(i)  the central alarm and control facility, or

(ii) another location that is accessible to the fire department and supervisory staff required under Subsection 2.8.2. and that is approved,

(b)  provides a clear verbal signal throughout the building, except within elevator cars, and

(c)  provides for automatic silencing of the fire alarm devices when the loudspeakers are in use.

31

9.7.4.4.

(3) A public address system capable of providing a clear verbal signal throughout the building, though not within elevator cars, is deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (1).

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2016

32

9.7.5.1.

(1) An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in each building in accordance with NFPA 13, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems”.

33

9.7.5.1.

COMPLIANCE OPTIONS

(2) Despite Sentence (1), in a building not greater than 3 storeys in building height that provides sleeping accommodation for not more than 10 persons, a sprinkler system may be installed in accordance with NFPA 13D, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two‑Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes”, except that the minimum quantity of available water shall be adequate for a demand duration of at least 20 minutes if stored water is used as the sole water supply source.

34

9.7.5.1.

(3) Despite Sentence (1), in a building not greater than 6 storeys in building height, a sprinkler system may be installed in accordance with NFPA 13R, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height”.

35

9.7.5.1.

(4) An existing sprinkler system that provides an average sprinkler discharge density over a design area that is equal to the minimum density corresponding to the area for light hazard classification as defined in NFPA 13, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems”, is deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (1).

36

9.7.5.1.

(5) Sprinkler systems shall be equipped with local electric waterflow alarms.

36

9.7.5.1.

(6) If a fire pump is required by NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R, it shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 20, “Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection”, if it has a rated net head pressure greater than 280 kPa.

37

9.7.5.1.

(7) Sentences (1) to (6) do not apply to a building not greater than 3 storeys in building height that provides sleeping accommodation for not more than four persons, if the building is equipped with smoke alarms that comply with Article 9.5.4.4. and that are interconnected so that the activation of any smoke alarm will sound a similar signal in each of the interconnected smoke alarms.

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2019

Section 1.2 Qualifications (Division C)

ID

Fire Code Reference

(Div. C)

Fire Code Requirement

(for accurate reference, refer to Ontario Regulation 213/07, as amended)

Observable Deficiencies Noted

Yes

No

N/A

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1.2.3.2.

(1) A person referred to in Article 1.2.3.1. [i.e. every person who is required to implement the provisions of Section 2.8 of Division B in a building containing a care occupancy, a care and treatment occupancy or a retirement home.]

(a) must have successfully completed a program or course acceptable to the Fire Marshal, and

(b) shall, at the request of the Chief Fire Official, produce for inspection a certificate or other document attesting to his or her successful completion of that program or course.

Note:  Compliance date is January 1, 2017